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Rice was originally called in Russia «Sorochinsky millet»

Rice in Ukraine

     The rice is one of the most valuable food cultures in the world. It is practically a centerpiece of feeding for the greater part of mankind. Presently rice is cultivated in more than 100 countries in the world on the territory of 150 mln ha and its production forms nearly 500 millions tons per annum. In spite of rice culture is not leading one in Ukrainians’ food but the rice branch like others is necessary for Ukrainian rural economy.

     In Ukraine the rice culture is cultivated only for some decades but domestically produced rice can compete successfully with the best world-wide samples as of taste and nutritional properties and even exceed them, that is confirmed by constant firm demand among the inhabitance.

     Building and using rice systems gave opportunity to heighten sharply rice crop capacity as well as rice-growing land-improvement. The rice irrigation systems of engineering type are placed in the effective area of Krasnoznamensk and North-Crimean supply channels. It includes Skadovsk, Hola Prystan and Kalanchak districts of Kherson region; Krasnoperekopsk, Razdolne, Dzhankoye, Nyzhnehorsk and Sovetske districts of Odesa region.

     Now the total area under the rice systems is engaged nearly 62000 ha of ploughed fields, which are located in Kherson region (17800 ha or 28,6%), Odessa Region (13000 ha or 20,9 %) and Crimean autonomy (31400 hа or 50,5 %).

     According to the scheme of recommended rice crop rotation with rice satiation from 50 to 62%, rice culture sown area in the country can makes up 33000-35000 ha annually.

     The rice production in Ukraine for years 1961-2005:

Activities

Years

Crop capacity, c/ha

Total yield, thousand tons

Area, thousand tons

1961-1965

50,4

20,7

4,1

1966-1970

50,1

130,8

26,1

1971-1975

48,0

181,8

37,8

1976-1980

36,8

141,1

38,3

1981-1985

47,2

163,7

34,7

1986-1990

54,0

179,8

33,3

1991-1995

44,1

101,4

23,0

1996-2000

39,7

88,5

22,2

2001-2005

44,2

90,7

20,5

2006

45,4

98,7

21,8


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