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Rice was originally called in Russia «Sorochinsky millet»

Environmental Aspects

system makovsky

     Rice, as any agricultural crop, requires clearly regulated system of cultivation for economically feasible yield, and the technology of the crop cultivation is one of the key components of the mentioned system. However, probably on contrary to other crops and due to its specific biological and environmental peculiarities, the rice cultivation technology is required not only to produce targeted approach to creation of optimal conditions for plants growth, but also overlapping of task of heavy-yield with a goal of environmental safety preservation.

     The Rice Research Institute developed "Rice Cultivation Technology with Consideration of Environmental Protection Requirements Valid for Ukrainian Enterprises" which allows getting heavy yield of rice with simultaneous preservation of safety of the environment.

The high level of the technology’s reliability is achieved on account of:

system makovsky
  • Lack of need for surface water drain from rice bays beyond the boundaries of rice ecosystem after treatment of crops by pesticides
  • Improvement of irrigation regime which provides plants needs at all stages of vegetation with a significant economy of irrigation water (the economy of 12-25 cubic meters of water per hectare) and decrease of technological wastes volumes up to the minimum
  • 4-r folds decrease of pesticide load per hectare of crops
  • Usage of new generation of pesticides with relatively short period of an active ingredient decay period
  • Application of pesticides and mineral fertilizers exclusively by aboveground method

In the process of the technology development the significant attention
was drawn to such aspects of soil cultivation, as:

  • introduction of crop rotations with rice presence at level of 50% max, which provides allocation of best previous lots for rice cultivations and fosters reproduction of soil fertility along with creation of prepositions for decrease of mineral fertilizers and chemical protection substances application quantities and decrease of produced crops cost
  • introduction of soil cultivation system providing improvement of soil’s physical and chemical properties, its reclamation features, decrease of seeds stock and vegetative reproduction organs of weeds
  • decrease of technological operation up to the minimum on account of introduction of surface and dry-land cultivation in the system of farming lands rotations
  • selection and breeding of heavy-yield varieties accustomed to certain agrarian and ecological conditions
  • usage of exclusively computational method of determination of mineral fertilizers’ doses, which accounts presence of nutrients in soil and need of plants in them
  • Application of an integrated system of rice crops protection from pests. One of the key components of the mentioned system is adoption of decisions on pesticides application only after conduction of analysis of phytosanitary condition of crops with consideration of weeds harmfulness, diseases and pests thresholds
  • Organization of seeds breeding to provide farms with high quality and high breed seeds

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EPIC INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP on Modern Technologies of Rice Growing, Global Food and Environmental Safety
«Новітні наукові розробки в галузі рисівництва та краплинного зрошення»
РІЧНИЙ ПЛАН ЗАКУПІВЕЛЬ на 2015 рік Інституту рису Національної академії аграрних наук України
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